The stream you choose at +2 depends upon which subject you want to specialize in as a teacher. You can choose any stream at +2 which makes you eligible for joining a UG course in that subject. For specializing in physical sciences and mathematics, choose Science stream with Math's at +2 and for Life sciences it is advisable to choose Science with Biology at +2 level. If you aim to take up teaching of a Humanities, Social Sciences or Commerce subject generally you may opt for any stream at +2 but requirements for undergraduate admission in some institutions may specify certain subjects to be compulsory at +2 level.
You may take a BA/BSc/B.Com degree in the subject you choose. This is usually of 3-year duration and is available in most universities and affiliated colleges in the country.
After graduation in the subject, you have chosen you can take a master’s degree in the subject. This is of 2-year duration.
In order to be eligible to take up a career as a Senior Secondary School teacher you need to qualify as a Bachelor of Education with your subject of choice taken up as the specialization. This is usually a 2-year course which includes compulsory teaching practice and can be taken up after earning a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in the subject.
In order to take up a teaching career in Government institutions you may have to qualify in Teacher Eligibility Tests for Higher Secondary teachers. Private Schools may also use these qualifications as their employment criteria.
Higher secondary school teachers help students in understanding the nature, purpose and philosophy of the subject.
They instruct students on the subject concepts, train them for self-study and independent learning, help them develop reference skills, critical thinking and conceptualization and encourage them to undertake group learning.
They also strive to develop among the students the skills for promoting national consciousness and communal harmony
Teachers are required to have excellent communication skills for working with children, other teachers and parents. Communication which is clear, concise, and to the point will make your lessons easier.
Teachers are required to inspire and guide students and be in charge of leading them through example.
As a teacher, one must be committed to help students find success and gratification in their academics. They should also empower them to develop their own strengths, beliefs, and personal attributes.
Teachers need to work as a team, to effectively produce holistic development of the students while training them in different subjects and helping them develop varied skills.
Good teachers know how to adapt their lesson plans and teaching methods to their students, so that students with differing cognitive ability and learning skills benefit optimally. This skill can take some experience and practice in a classroom setting.
You will mainly work in schools.
Teachers in higher education commonly aim to develop their students' ways of thinking, acting and approaching a field of study and practice. Hence, this should also be the focus of our teaching practice.
This view of teaching involves providing students with experiences that enable them to enter the field as practitioners. Those experiences must be directed to developing students' understanding of the perspective that is relevant to the field and what the content of a course means within that perspective.
In exploring how teaching can enable students to enter a field of study and practice, some alternative ways in which teachers see the content of their courses are described. These ways of seeing course content were drawn from a study of experiences of teaching in higher education in a range of fields.
Some limitations of focusing on skills, knowledge, procedures, concepts, and principles are outlined, particularly in relation to teaching aims. It is argued that a focus on enriching students' experience of the field of study and practice is more closely and directly related to the aims of teaching in higher education
The average salary for a High School Teacher is ₹3,14,300 per year (₹17,020 per month), which is ₹73,200 (-19%) lower than the national average salary in India. A High School Teacher can expect an average starting salary of ₹2,12,700. The highest salaries can exceed ₹7,00,000.